Full Circle

Knut Henrik Henriksen

10 June 2011

Part of the following series:

Permanent Artwork

Full Circle is a two-part work created especially for King’s Cross St. Pancras Underground station commissioned by Art on the Underground. It is an integral part of the station, installed in 2009 and 2011 as part of an upgrade project including two new ticket halls.

The work was conceived to be situated at the end of two new concourses, one for the Northern Line and the other for the Piccadilly line. Each of the sculptures reflect the context of the modernised station and its distinctive architectural style and language. They propose a reconsideration of this site and a re-examination of the way the station has been constructed for the contemporary city it serves.

The starting points for Full Circle are the circular end walls of the two concourse tunnels. In both instances, and as is common throughout the Tube, the circle is truncated where it meets the floor, implying a ‘lost’ segment beneath. This segment has been ‘reinstated’; conceptually exhumed by Henriksen and mounted as an integral architectural feature of the wall. In each case, the segment was fabricated by the station upgrade contractor from the same materials (shot-peened stainless steel in one case, stainless steel grid in the other) as the walls themselves. The result is almost incognito, yet remains elegantly obvious.

The precise positioning of each segment was, for Henriksen, the final in a sequence of decisions informed by the physical and architectural constraints of the two sites. On the Northern line concourse, the curved side of the segment rests on the floor, with one tip leaning against the arc of the tunnel wall. On the Piccadilly line concourse Henriksen has raised up the segment at the same angle as it would be beneath the floor. The flat edge is parallel to the floor, its curved side rests upon it and one tip is up against the tunnel arc. In each case there is an apparent casualness to the segment placement, offering a human gesture in a highly modernised and streamlined functional environment.

The construction and finish of the upgraded King’s Cross St. Pancras station uses contemporary, industrial materials including glass, stainless steel and ceramic tile. The apparent simplicity of Henriksen’s artwork for the site is borne out of a preciseness of vision that depends on a highly accurate execution to fit the concept and materials of the finishes for the entire station. The works offer a physical and psychological challenge to the architectural qualities of the concourses and an opportunity to contemplate the site and the station.

An economy of means sits at the heart of Henriksen’s practise. Whilst working on his proposal for King’s Cross St. Pancras he produced models from card and other ephemeral materials that enabled him to think through the site. These models then became the vehicle through which he presented his ideas. They arrived flat-packed but with a clear visual construction process that enabled them easily to be built as he intended.

Henriksen’s practise draws on a preoccupation with architecture and, to some extent, the continuing influence of Modernism on contemporary art and architecture. A European Modernist style is prevalent in London Underground, due in particular to the influence of Frank Pick, Managing Director in the 1930s, and Charles Holden, the architect for many Tube stations at that time. Pick played a key role in the Tube’s cultural heritage and the established tradition that art is an integral part of its service. Full Circle is the first permanent work to be installed on the network since the 1980s, bringing that tradition up to date and setting a new standard for the future.

Full Circle part one: Northern line concourse, completed December 2009
Full Circle part two: Piccadilly line concourse, completed December 2010

The artist would like to thank Hollybush Gardens for their support and guidance on this project.

This project was made possible by the support of the Norwegian Embassy and the Office for Contemporary Art Norway (OCA).

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Visiting Information

Artworks for this project are available to visit at the following stations. Where more detailed visiting information is available, page links have been included in the list below.


  • I just love round things like this


  • I agree with the fact that if it was a british artist would have been more representative. However if you think about it London is a place where lots of cultures meet and collide so it should not be surprising that foreign artists start to creep up everywhere in art in London. My only comment is that is not striking enough, it takes you a while to realise is a piece of art by an artist and not a part of the underground construction design. The space was big enough, a more striking piece of work would have suited better. Kings Cross after refurbishment is spectacular, spectacular should have been the word for the art exposed on the Kings Cross underground as well. This work of art rather melts in the decor..


  • This is different art….like the monochrome aswell in that art sculpture,complete art on wall so it is to see as I travel kings cross.

    David Thomas

  • I’ll have to go back and take a special look. I walk around on autopilot underground. It’s my workspace as well as my travelspace and I’m so comfy I’m closed. So artworks like this one & the Sherlock Holmes panels at Baker Street usually serve to wake me up. This one looks just right to catch the eye of a slightly abstracted commuter.

    Mwara Kungu

  • As a permanent installation this is really nice and modern. But it’s a really shame that we could not find a british artist, would have been more meaningful. I think.

    Marilyn Trim

  • I like the idea very much.I had imagined it would be perhaps in colour so, to me, It looks a little functional. As if it were part of the design of the Sttation Will there be a plaque nearby for people to be aware it is a special Work?

    Teresa Smith

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